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One variable that has often been cited for high achievement in school is that of high expectations for learning. While most teachers would agree that some type of expectation, positive or negative, is placed upon every student in every classroom, how one arrives at these expect at ions varies as much as the effect it has upon the student. The idea that we as classroom teachers may have different expectations for students in our classrooms could be related to the different types of interactions that are a daily part of the classroom.

What, then, are the characteristics of the classroom teacher who has placed expectations on the students in their classrooms and what are the effects of teacher expectation in improving reading achievement?

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