Pharmacists are increasingly expected to communicate skillfully, yet few Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) curricula include theoretically-derived or evidence-based communication training. The 12 Fundamentals of Highly Effective Communicators is a pedagogical tool that we developed to teach principles of communication to two consecutive cohorts of PharmD students in their second year (P2). Students were asked to reflect on which of the 12 Fundamentals they found most helpful in their pharmacy training and practice. The most frequently selected Fundamental was “There is no ‘one size fits all’ message that will work in EVERY situation.” Students provided specific examples of how they perceived that these Fundamentals could help them have effective and appropriate interactions with patients and colleagues.



Author ORCID Identifier

Erin E. Donovan: 0000-0001-6519-5230

Laura E. Brown: 0000-0003-0933-3947

Calandra Lindstadt: 0000-0003-4568-2247

Billy Table: 0000-0003-4609-6354

Elham Heidari: 0000-0003-2966-2799

Andrew Coolidge: 0000-0003-0016-7612

Sharon Rush: 0000-0002-0434-9176