All master’s theses completed and available to us at Western Michigan University since 1941 have been entered into ScholarWorks. Some may be embargoed or restricted by the authors and may be only available from on-campus computers. Print copies from earlier years are available through interlibrary loan. If you have any questions, please contact wmu-scholarworks@wmich.edu.

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Theses from 2021

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Composite Analysis of Mendenhall Glacier Interannual Glacial Health Decline, Hailey Marie Cantrell

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Evaluation of α-Pyrrolidindovalerophenone (α-PVP) and its Isomers in Male and Female Sprague-Dawley Rats Trained to Discriminate MDPV, Kaley Cargile

Simulation and Analysis of Engine Torque – Measurement and Study of Its Effect on Heavy Duty Vehicles, Iqbal Singh Chahal

Probabilistic Approach to Predict Contact Fatigue of Straight Toothed Net-Shape Forged Bevel Gears, Caleb Gurd

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The Effect of Synchronous and Asynchronous Music on Heart Rate Variability and Mental State among Runners, Jeni Gustafson

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Laugh until it’s No Longer a Scandal: The Use of Humorous Apologia to Reframe Crisis Narratives on Saturday Night Live, Vanessa S. Hills

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Lawful Violence: The Relationship between Marriage and Conflict in the Wars of the Roses, Hannah R. Keller

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Using Low-Flow Sampling Data to Estimate Hydraulic Conductivity in Aquifers, Joy Kiefer

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A Systematic Review of the Literature on the Assessments Used For Social Communication in the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Rachel E. Kim

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Extreme Cold Event Perception and Preparedness of Western Michigan University Students, Connor J. Landeck

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As Different As Black And White: A Comparison between Interracial Divorce and Endogamous Divorce, Abigai Constance Lewandowski

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The Best Is Yet To Come: Approaches to Rhythmic Development, Robert W. Lindsay II

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Integrating the Latin American Villancico in Baroque Music History Studies, Linssey Ma

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Outcomes of Music Improvisation Experiences: A Scoping Review, Julia McCarren

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The Role of Music in the Trauma Narrative and “Storytelling”: Perspectives of Clinicians, Taylorlyn N. Mehnert

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Mirror Neurons in Art Education, Ashley Murawa

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Analysis and Critique in the Secondary Art Classroom, Sarah Nott

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Simulation of Transient Conditions in Vehicle-to-Grid Systems Fed from Plug-in Electric Vehicles, Olapade Oludolapo Olagbemi

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Development of High Throughput Assays for Identification and Evaluation of Small Molecule Inhibitors of Microrna-31 Expression, Jackline A. Onyango

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Retinal Regeneration in a Genetic Mouse Model of Glaucoma, Joshua Paris

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Compositions for 0 or 1 Performers, Rodrigo Valente Pascale

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Common Ground, Cody Christopher-Park Ray

Exploring the Conversational Outcomes of Collaborative Referencing Intervention (CRI) in Aphasia, Katelyn R. Roberts

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Strong Women Breaking Ground: Roles of Women in Agriculture in Michigan, April L. Shirey

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Diverse Characterization: The Importance of Inclusive Protagonists and Authors for Adolescents in Diverse Communities, Trista Straube

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Spatiotemporal Distributions of Sargassum on Grand Cayman, Graeme Timmeney

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Wwisdom in Action, Drew R. Tomasik

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The Library of Babel, Jared Tubbs

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Students, the Complete Canvas: Building a SEL-Based Art Education Curriculum, Kaci VanMeter

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Developing Creativity in the Seventh-Grade Art Classroom, Zachary Dane Wallerius

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Effects of Traditional and Microbially-Focused Restoration Techniques on Soil Communities In Tallgrass Prairies, Zachary J. Whitacre

Theses from 2020

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Examination of the Impact of Contingent Praise and Monetary Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation and Creative Performance, Merrilyn Akpapuna

Opening Old Bottles in Search of New Wine: The Story of Imperial Modernity in Qatar with Special Reference to Gender Inequality, 1980-1994, Jassim Al-Nasr

Evaluating the Impacts of Building Information Modeling on Construction Change Orders in Iraq, Nehad Alshebbany

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Social and Demographic Drivers Impacting Family Planning and Family Size in Buraydah City, Saudi Arabia, Sami Abdulkarim Alwulayi

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Agritourism Development in Southwest Michigan: Motivations of Agritourists and Operators, Esther Akoto Amoako

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Anacalypsis, Kristopher David Bendrick

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Testing a New Photovoice Model: A Meta-Analysis on Participatory Action Research Methodologies in Geographical Research, Nolan Bergstrom

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Metal Mayhem to Music Theory: The Use of Heavy Metal Music in Collegiate Music Theory Instruction, Weston Michael-Andrew Bernath

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Numerical Performance Evaluation of the Wooden Frame Structures with Adhesive Applied Connection under Wind and Seismic Loading, Sharthak Bhandary

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Counter Stories in Counterpublics: Exploring Documentary as a Form of Activist Media to Counter Reinforced Stereotypes about the Criminalization of Black Men, Tirrea S. Billings

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Towards Development of a Remote Charting System for Connected Healthcare, Alex Bodurka

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Singing in Synchrony: A Feasibility Study of Interpersonal Familiarity and Movement Synchrony in Group Singing, Sheridan Rockwell Brown

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Oxidized Phospholipid Regulation of Chronic Inflammation in Endothelial Cells, Cameron Scott Brutsche

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Assessment of Dopaminergic and Serotonergic Receptor Antagonists in Male Rats Trained to Discriminate 4-Methylmethcathinone (Mephedrone), Rachel L. Burroughs

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Putative Flagellar Channel-Lining Residues and Their Role in Filament Synthesis, Morphology and Stability, Troy Burtchett

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Field and Numerical Evaluation of Nitrogen Transport from Septic Systems in Surfical Aquifer Systems to Charlotte Harbor, Florida, Tanten T. Buszka

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Lower Limb Force Asymmetries during Landing and Jumping Exercises, Simon Cone

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The Portrayal of the Woman’s Suffrage Movement in High School History Textbooks, Michelle A. DeVries

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Spatial Patterns in Socio-Economic Factors and Rapid Repeat Pregnancies in Kalamazoo County, MI, Dennis Donkor

Exploring Ancient Plant Metabolism: Resurrection and Characterization of a Sabath Methyltransferase from the 475-Million-Year-Old Land Plant Ancestor, Nicole M. Dubs

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Interval Training Using the Lactate Retention Method: A Pilot Study, Tyler M. Dundore

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Those Beyond the Walls: An Archaeological Examination of Michilimackinac’s Extramural Domestic Settlement, 1760-1781, James Cain Dunnigan

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Vehicle Performance Analysis of an Autonomous Electric Shuttle Modified for Wheelchair Accessibility, Johan Fanas Rojas

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Art for All: An Inclusive Curriculum for a Secondary Art Room, Michelle Ann Fuller

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Vehicle Velocity Prediction Using Artificial Neural Networks and Effect of Real-World Signals on Prediction Window, Tushar Dnyaneshwar Gaikwad

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Analysis of Interdunal Wetlands and Ecosystem Dynamics using UAS and OBIA in Ludington State Park, Michigan, Claire Gilbert

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Albion through Malleable Eyes: The Great Migration, Urban Renewal and Missed Opportunities, Demetrius R. Goodale

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Singing with Strangers: A Feasibility Study Examining the Effect of Interpersonal Familiarity on Social Bonding during Group Singing, Molly Grettenberger

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Agricultural Irrigation Induced Evaporation in a Temperate Study Area: A Stable Isotope Approach, Lincoln Grevengoed

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Distribution and Variability in Sulfur Isotopes within Paleoproterozoic Metasedimentary Strata of the Michigamme Formation, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, Beau J. Haag

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The Urban Morphology of Hyderabad, India: A Historical Geographic Analysis, Kevin B. Haynes

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Using Historical Maps for Contaminated Site Identification and Prediction, and Environmental Justice Implications: A Case Study in Grand Rapids, Michigan, Dana Heusinkveld

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Creating a Distribution Model of Invasive Rusty Crayfish (Faxonius Rusticus) in Michigan Streams Using Publically Accessible Data, Robert C. Homan

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The Common Core State Standards in Mathematics for Place Value: Developmentally Appropriate or Not?, Sarah N. Hughey

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Cellular Attachment on Poly(Lactic Acid) for Use in Tissue Engineering, Stephen R. Hunter

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Optimized System for On-Route Charging of Battery Electric Buses and High-Fidelity Modelling and Simulation of In-Motion Wireless Power Transfer, Yogesh Bappasaheb Jagdale

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Exploring Song as a Reproductive Isolation Mechanism in a Hybridizing Population of Winged Warblers, Amy E. Janik

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Assessing the Robustness and Versatility of Nanojars for Anion Binding, Mia Lily Ann Jawor

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Development of a Single Emitter Ionic Liquid Ion Source Research Platform, Thomas V. Kerber

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“Someone’s Got to Look out for the People”: Exploring Donald Trump and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s Online Performance of Populism and Immigration Rhetoric, Taylor P. Koopman

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A Radar and Model Based Synopsis of Surface Soil Moisture State As It Relates to Back-Building Thunderstorm Behavior: Northern Great Plains, Skye Leake

The Genuine Purpose of the Polity, Heritier Lingoso

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Effect of Implementing a Guaranteed and Viable ELA Curriculum, Christian Manley

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Creating a Transformative Visual Art Curriculum, Alison M. Marchbanks

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Incorporating Fine Arts into Online Education, Tosha Tessen McDonald

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Constructing and Experiencing the Medieval Waddenland, Hugh R. Milner

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A Framework to Support Automatic Certification for Self-Adaptive Systems, Ioannis Nearchou

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Fatigue Damage Characterization by Surface Roughness and Instrumented Micro – Hardness Measurements, Suraj Sanjay Nikam

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Flexible Capacitive Pressure Sensors and Triboelectric Energy Harvesters Using Laser-Assisted Patterning Process for Flexible Hybrid Electronic Applications, Valliammai Palaniappan

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Boethian Variations: Musical Thought in Sir Orfeo, Troilus and Criseyde, and Robert Henryson’s Orpheus and Eurydice, Joshua T. Parks

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Comparison of Optimal Energy Management Strategies Using Dynamic Programming, Model Predictive Control, and Constant Velocity Prediction, Amol Arvind Patil

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Development of a Finite Element Model of the Stamping Process to Predict the Natural Frequencies of Dimpled Beams, Varad Vasudeo Pendse

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Prediction of Isotropic Strain Hardening Material Properties Using Gradient Boosted Regression Tree Method and Hyperparameter Optimization, Darren R. Promer

Transition to Renewable Energy Generation to Mitigate Climate Change: Implications on Japanese and Indian Energy Policies, Vaibhav S. Pujari

The Effects of Tiered Goals When Performers Receive Fixed and Incentive Pay, Alejandro Ramos

Theoretical and Experimental Study on Thermoelectric Generators Using Liquid-To-Liquid Flow Ducts at a Temperature Range Between 10ºC and 100ºC, Sudarshan Rawale

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Evaluation of Autoreactivity in VH4-34-Containing Antibodies from Human B-1 VS B-2 Cells, Michelle E. Ray

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The Color Line in Communism: The East German Ministry of Culture’s Portrayal of Paul Robeson’s State Visit, Colin J. Rensch

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“College is Mandatory in Our Family”: A Study of Homeschooler Anticipatory Memorable Messages about College, Gina S. Reynolds

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An Analysis of Factors Influencing Chemistry Students’ Choice of Major and Career, Jennifer Marie Ribble

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The Influence of Environment: A Holistic Approach to Middle and Secondary Art Room Design, Leslie Y. Roberts

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Prescribed Freedom, Proscribed Freedom: Compositional and Improvisational Balances in Jazz, Andrew W. Saliba

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A Multiscale Thermomechanical Metal Additive Manufacturing Simulation and the Impact of Geometry on Residual Stress and Distortion, Luis Fernando Silva Velasco

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Can’t Stop: The Effects of High-P Sequencing on Fluency and Retention, Andrew R. Smith

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Synthesis and Characterization of Non-PGM Catalysts for Fuel Cell Applications, Sudharsan Sridhar

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Changes in Gene Expression Profiles in Müller Glia Following Exposure to an α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Agonist, Megan L. Stanchfield

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Applied Behavior Analysis in the Secondary Art Classroom, Linda S. Stewart

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Understanding the Resiliency of the Kalamazoo Mall, Emily Szymanski

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binary, Jared Tubbs