Pandemic Response and Religion in the United States represents an initial archiving of online materials related to religion and the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. Materials are organized by thematic category and can be searched by keywords. This database will encourage further research into religion and pandemic response. We hope that such research will in turn serve to guide policy decisions by religious organizations and governments. It will also serve as a foundation for teaching about religion and health, disaster response, and other key issues at the high school and college levels. This project was made possible by a WMU Meader Presidential Endowment Covid19 Response Grant. The project’s principle investigator (PI) is Dr. Stephen Covell and the co-PI is Dr. Diane Riggs. Data was collected by the following graduate students in the Department of Comparative Religion: Cameron Borg, Gerald Brooks, Jarrett Stalinger and Emily Warren.

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Submissions from 2020

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Are COVID-19 Restrictions Inflaming Religious Tensions?, Geneive Abdo and Anna L. Jacobs

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Rethinking Mikvah Attendance in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Carmella Abraham

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Islamophobia Is Making the Coronavirus Crisis Worse, Ravi Agrawal

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'It’s a very different Ramadan': How coronavirus has upended ancient rituals, Gay Alcorn

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As States Crack Down on Gatherings, Some Religious Exemptions Could Keep Pews Full, Liz Alesse

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Even as Coronavirus Keeps Us from Churches, Faith Appears to be Growing. Here’s Why, Cynthia M. Allen

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Ohio Churches, Houses of Worship Begin to Reopen After Trump Declared Them Essential Services, Natasha Anderson

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Resources During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Talking Points for Parents: The delay of First Communion, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Christians and Muslims in Algeria “Maintain Links” Despite Lockdown: Bishop of Constantine, Jude Atemanke

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Coronavirus: Non-religious people are more likely to survive Covid-19, new figures claim, Martin Bagot and Shivali Best

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A Pastor Confessed to his Church he was Tired, and he Planned a Break. Then, the Coronavirus Hit D.C., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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Sip from the common cup? On Ash Wednesday, coronavirus and the flu have religious leaders tweaking rituals., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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National Day of Prayer, Reshaped By Pandemic, Includes Interfaith and Online Events, Adelle M. Banks and Crosswalk.com

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Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia bars international pilgrims for Hajj, BBC News

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Conversations Continue Regarding Mecklenburg County’s Black Community and COVID-19, Bria Bell

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The Social Distance Powwow, Heather Benson, Lori Walsh, and Whitney Recountre II

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Be Safe. Places of Worship, Be Safe Chicago- City of Chicago

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For Most Churchgoers, Controversy Between Religious Freedom and Public Health is Not Real, Kraig Beyerlein and David Nirenberg

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The Book of Ruth: A story about famine offers a powerful lesson for a pandemic, Mijal Bitton and The Forward

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Harder to Find Hope as Clergy get Latest SC COVID-19 Data and Projections, Brad Bloom

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Church Donations have Plunged Because of the Coronavirus. Some Churches Won’t Survive, Michelle Boorstein

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Covid-19 has Killed Multiple Bishops and Pastors within the Nation’s Largest Black Pentecostal Denomination, Michelle Boorstein

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After Decades of Service, Five Nuns Die as Virus Sweeps Through Convent, Julie Bosman

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Jewish Law During a Pandemic: The 35 Responsa of Rabbi Hershel Schachter Issued Due to COVID-19, Michael J. Broyde and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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Together While Apart: Compassion for the long haul, Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation

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Native Americans Cancel Sun Dances and Other Cultural Ceremonies to Halt Spread of Coronavirus, Andrew Buncombe

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Iowa Religious Leaders Express Concern Over Restarting Church Services, Mike Bunge

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The Great Shutdown 2020: What churches, mosques and temples are doing to fight the spread of coronavirus, Daniel Burke

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How One Church Is Handling The Coronavirus Outbreak, Annacaroline Caruso

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'Church is more than a building': Chicago's Holy Week services move online during COVID-19 pandemic, Cate Cauguiran

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Checklist for Communities of Faith, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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FAQs for Administrators and Leaders at Community- and Faith-Based Organizations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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When Your Church Reopens, Here’s How to Meet Safely A global health expert suggests a phased plan for congregations gathering again amid this pandemic., Daniel P. Chin

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Praying About World Issues, Christian Science

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Rev. Al Sharpton Urges Black Faith Leaders To Forgo In-Person Holy Week Services, Tanya A. Christian

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Activists and Pastors Sue Texas Governor over Stay-at-home Order, Justine Coleman

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Protocol for Places of Worship: Appendix F, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health

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With Split Delayed, United Methodists Face a Year in Limbo, David Crary and Nation

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Indigenous Arizonans Dance with Thousands Around World in Online 'Social Distance' Powwow, Chelsea Curtis

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法鼓山芝加哥分會-Dharma Drum Mountain Chicago Center, Dharma Drum Mountain Buddhist Association Chicago Chapter

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Spiritual resources during COVID-19, Diocese of Grand Rapids

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The Pandemic and the Will of God, Ross Douthat

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Tiny Buddha Yoga Studios Seek Help for Long-Term Payments During COVID-19 Crisis, Mikhayla Dunaj

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An Indigenous Perspective to COVID-19, Angelique EagleWoman

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It’s Hard to Close Black Churches amid COVID-19, Elaine Howard Ecklund and Deidra Carroll Coleman

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In Our Opinion: The right to worship should never be cast aside in a pandemic, Editorial Board

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Two Sikh Doctors Shaved Their Beards, a Pillar of Their Religion, to Treat Covid-19 Patients. But Community Groups Say There are Alternatives, Alaa Elassar

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Love Your Neighbour: Islam, Judaism and Christianity come together over COVID-19, Mohamed Elsanousi, Burton L. Visotzky, and Bob Roberts

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Coronavirus: Places of worship to reopen for private prayer, Harry Farley

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How the World Has Learned to Grieve in a Pandemic, Claire Felter, Lindsay Maizland, and Sabine Baumgartner

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Iowa Religious Leaders Call on Churches to Avoid Gatherings Despite State Loosening Rules on Services, Charles Flesher

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Drums, Dancers Livestream as Virus Moves Powwows Online, Felicia Fonseca

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Everyday Heroes: 'Staggering' need as Muslim community grocery delivery service gets food to homes, Annalise Frank

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The Pandemic and the Global Future of Religion, Paul Freston and Religion & Diplomacy

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Trump Calls for Memorial Day Church Reopenings but Sends Mixed Signals on Enforcement, John Fritze

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Few Americans say their House of Worship is Open, but a Quarter say Their Faith has Grown Amid Pandemic, Claire Gecewicz

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The COVID-19 Crisis: Adaptations and tensions during the month of Ramadan, Georgetown University, Katherine Marshall, Atallah FitzGibbon, Samia Huq, Saliou Mbacke, Ismail Mehr, David Robinson, and Olivia Wilkinson

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Religion During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Islamic bioethical perspectives, Mohammed Ghaly and The Hastings Institute

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Coronavirus News: Passover Seders going digital during Coronavirus pandemic, Lauren Glassberg

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Minneapolis to Allow Broadcast of Muslim Call to Prayer Over Loudspeakers During Ramadan, Anthony Gockowski

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Coronavirus Keeps Many from Paying Tribute at Funerals, Ken Gordon

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Grace Community Church-Coronavirus Response, Grace Community Church

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How Buddhist Centers are Responding to Coronavirus, Lilly Greenblatt

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Orthodox Jewish Women Are Facing an Impossible Choice Right Now, Emma Green

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An Imam Leads His Congregation Through the Pandemic, Eliza Griswald

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Buddhist Response to COVID-19 Pandemic — Leave no-one behind, Minoru Harada and Religion News Service

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COVID-19 has Altered Church, Religious Services, but Worship Still Offers Comfort Amid Coronavirus, Ann Helmke and Peggy O'Hare

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CAIR Joins National Muslim Coalition Statement on Coronavirus/COVID-19 Pandemic Urging Mosques, Islamic Centers to Suspend All Non-Essential Gatherings, Ibrahim Hooper

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For Minnesota's Jews, COVID-19 Reshapes Passover Celebrations, Jean Hopfensperger

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Native Healing Dance Offers Comfort During Crisis, Paige Hopkins

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American Muslims and COVID-19, Amir Hussain and Clare Castro

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How Religions and Religious Leaders can Help to Combat the COVID-19 Pandemic: Indonesia's experience, Hakimul Ikhwan, Vissia Ita Yulianto, and Medical Xpress

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Islamic Society of Midwest-Chicago, Islamic Society of Midwest-Chicago

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COVID: Resources for information related to the Covid-19 virus, Islamic Society of North America

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Muslims Join Jumma Prayers at Mosques After a Month, Mainul Islam

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With Coronavirus Infections Linked to Religious Gatherings, Debate Rages Over Worship Amid Pandemic, Jack Jenkins and National Catholic Reporter

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Passover in the Age of COVID-19: A guide, Jewish Federation of Greater Santa Barbara

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Coronavirus Community Resources, Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Detroit

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‘Jewish Factor’ Declared to Explain Disproportionate Communal Covid-19 Deaths, Jewish News Reporter

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North Suburban Mosques Observe Ramadan Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jennifer Johnson and Steve Schering

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North Suburban Mosques Observe Ramadan Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jennifer Johnson, Steve Schering, and Chicago Tribune

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Muslims Find New Ways to Observe Ramadan with Illinois' 'stay-at-home' Order in Place, Will Jones

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Jewish Sleepaway Camp Operators Sue Over Coronavirus Closures, Rick Karlin

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Kasi Temple Flint Tempple Re-opening Announcement, Kasi Temple Board of Trustees

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4 Reasons Why the Rush to Reopen Churches Goes Beyond Politics, Harmeet Kaur

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How Religious Communities are Modifying Traditions to Prevent Coronavirus Spread, Harmeet Kaur

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Religious Leaders Thank Pence for Flexibility to Reopen but Urge Caution, KCRG-TV

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Inside the Fringe Japanese Religion That Claims It Can Cure Covid-19, Sam Kestenbaum

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Muslim Groups Join Forces to Raise $500,000 for Coronavirus Relief Grants, Aysha Khan

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Coronavirus in Ohio: Some houses of worship to reopen Sunday, others more cautious, Danae King

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Worshipers Heed Gov. JB Pritzker's Plea to Stay Home Easter Sunday, Celebrate Safely Amid COVID-19 Outbreak, Jesse Kirsch

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Chicago Cardinal Blase Cupich Urges 'a New Sense of Solidarity' in face of COVID-19 pandemic, Alan Krashesky and Ross Weidner

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Mikvah Update, Chanie Krasnianski and Chabad Upper East Side

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How to Feed Crowds in a Protest or Pandemic? The Sikhs Know, Priya Krishna

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Religious Leaders Use Lamont’s Coronavirus Event to Rail Against Racial Injustice, Ben Lambert and Ken Dixon

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God and COVID-19, David Lawler

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Mass to Resume Wednesday at Wichita Catholic Churches, with Coronavirus Precautions, Dion Lefler

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St. Louis Black Churches Consider Ways To Keep Congregants Safe In Midst Of Coronavirus, Marissanne Lewis-Thompson

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Photos of Parishioners in the Pews of GR Church, Emily Linnert