Pandemic Response and Religion in the United States represents an initial archiving of online materials related to religion and the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. Materials are organized by thematic category and can be searched by keywords. This database will encourage further research into religion and pandemic response. We hope that such research will in turn serve to guide policy decisions by religious organizations and governments. It will also serve as a foundation for teaching about religion and health, disaster response, and other key issues at the high school and college levels. This project was made possible by a WMU Meader Presidential Endowment Covid19 Response Grant. The project’s principle investigator (PI) is Dr. Stephen Covell and the co-PI is Dr. Diane Riggs. Data was collected by the following graduate students in the Department of Comparative Religion: Cameron Borg, Gerald Brooks, Jarrett Stalinger and Emily Warren.

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Submissions from 2020

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4 Nuns, 3 Employees at Convent of Sisters of the Holy Cross Test Positive for COVID-19, 16 News Now WNDU

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Are COVID-19 Restrictions Inflaming Religious Tensions?, Geneive Abdo and Anna L. Jacobs

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Rethinking Mikvah Attendance in the Midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic, Carmella Abraham

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Religion During and After Coronavirus: Individualism or inclusive solidarity?, Frank Adloff and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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Islamophobia Is Making the Coronavirus Crisis Worse, Ravi Agrawal

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'It’s a very different Ramadan': How coronavirus has upended ancient rituals, Gay Alcorn

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One German Church Service Resulted in More than 100 Coronavirus Infections, Zeeshan Aleem

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As States Crack Down on Gatherings, Some Religious Exemptions Could Keep Pews Full, Liz Alesse

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Even as Coronavirus Keeps Us from Churches, Faith Appears to be Growing. Here’s Why, Cynthia M. Allen

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Around the World, Nuns on ‘Front Lines’ of Coronavirus Pandemic, Elise Ann Allen

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What Hermits Can Teach Us About Isolation, Hephzibah Anderson

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Ohio Churches, Houses of Worship Begin to Reopen After Trump Declared Them Essential Services, Natasha Anderson

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A Joint Statement: Gender, faith, and COVID-19, Anglican Communion, ACT Alliance, Islamic Relief Worldwide, World Council of Churches, Side By Side, act, The Girls Brigade, We Will Speak Out, Christian Aid, United Society Partners in the Gospel, DCA, and Presbyterian Women Aotearoa New Zealand

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Anglican Communion Calls for COVID-19 Responses to Tackle Gender Inequalities, Anglican Communion and Episcopal News Service

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COVID-19 outbreak: Jain community distributes masks in Mumbai, ANI News and Youtube

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Resources During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Talking Points for Parents: The delay of First Communion, Archdiocese of Milwaukee

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Praying Together Over Zoom: How religion sounds during a pandemic, Laura Arenschield

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Coronavirus Outbreak Linked To West Virginia Church Grows To Over 40 Cases, Associated Press and KDKA CBS Pittsburg

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Christians and Muslims in Algeria “Maintain Links” Despite Lockdown: Bishop of Constantine, Jude Atemanke

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Coronavirus: Non-religious people are more likely to survive Covid-19, new figures claim, Martin Bagot and Shivali Best

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A Pastor Confessed to his Church he was Tired, and he Planned a Break. Then, the Coronavirus Hit D.C., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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Sip from the common cup? On Ash Wednesday, coronavirus and the flu have religious leaders tweaking rituals., Sarah Pulliam Bailey

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Virus Lockdown Changes How Hindus Celebrate Holy Period, Biswajeet Banerjee and Gary Fields

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National Day of Prayer, Reshaped By Pandemic, Includes Interfaith and Online Events, Adelle M. Banks and Crosswalk.com

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‘Did I Miss Anything?’: A man emerges from a 75-Day silent retreat, Ellen Barry

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Who Do People Trust For Coronavirus Info? In Zambia, It's Nuns On The Radio, Pranav Baskar

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Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia bars international pilgrims for Hajj, BBC News

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India Coronavirus: Amarnath Pilgrimage Cancelled Due to Covid-19, BBC News

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Conversations Continue Regarding Mecklenburg County’s Black Community and COVID-19, Bria Bell

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The Social Distance Powwow, Heather Benson, Lori Walsh, and Whitney Recountre II

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Berkley Center-Content related to economics, Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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Be Safe. Places of Worship, Be Safe Chicago- City of Chicago

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For Most Churchgoers, Controversy Between Religious Freedom and Public Health is Not Real, Kraig Beyerlein and David Nirenberg

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Muslims Across U.S. Finding New Ways to Celebrate Eid Amid Coronavirus, Musadiq Bidar

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Can you Find God in a Zoom Call? Communities of Faith get Religion on Tech in COVID-19 Crisis, Todd Bishop

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The Book of Ruth: A story about famine offers a powerful lesson for a pandemic, Mijal Bitton and The Forward

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Harder to Find Hope as Clergy get Latest SC COVID-19 Data and Projections, Brad Bloom

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Boca Raton Community Mikvah: Mikvah form, Boca Raton Community Mikvah

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Church Donations have Plunged Because of the Coronavirus. Some Churches Won’t Survive, Michelle Boorstein

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Covid-19 has Killed Multiple Bishops and Pastors within the Nation’s Largest Black Pentecostal Denomination, Michelle Boorstein

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Coronavirus: Pope's closeness to nuns affected by Covid-19, Linda Bordoni

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After Decades of Service, Five Nuns Die as Virus Sweeps Through Convent, Julie Bosman

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COVID-19 Creates Challenges for Muslim Community, Especially During Ramadan, Adrienne Broaddus

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Jewish Law During a Pandemic: The 35 Responsa of Rabbi Hershel Schachter Issued Due to COVID-19, Michael J. Broyde and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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Jain Monk’s Welcome Sparks Covid-19 Scare, Brut.

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Quarantining While Buddhist: ‘It’s more important to be kind than to be right’, Donna Bryson

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Together While Apart: Compassion for the long haul, Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation

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Native Americans Cancel Sun Dances and Other Cultural Ceremonies to Halt Spread of Coronavirus, Andrew Buncombe

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Iowa Religious Leaders Express Concern Over Restarting Church Services, Mike Bunge

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The Great Shutdown 2020: What churches, mosques and temples are doing to fight the spread of coronavirus, Daniel Burke

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People use Religion as a Coping Mechanism During COVID-19 Outbreak, Austin Burnett

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Boko Haram's Shekau Labels Anti-COVID-19 Measures an Attack on Islam in Nigeria, John Campbell

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"Ajahn Corona", Bhikkhuni Canda, Ajahn Brahmavamso, and Youtube

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How One Church Is Handling The Coronavirus Outbreak, Annacaroline Caruso

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'Church is more than a building': Chicago's Holy Week services move online during COVID-19 pandemic, Cate Cauguiran

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Checklist for Communities of Faith, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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FAQs for Administrators and Leaders at Community- and Faith-Based Organizations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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COVID-19 Messages From the Kelim Mikvah and Mikvah Emunah Society, Cheryl Stern Community Kelim Mikvah and Kemp Mill Synagogue

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Cyber Dharma: Celebrating E-Vesak in Singapore, Jack Meng-Tat Chia

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Celebrating E-Vesak in Singapore, Jack Meng-Tat Chia and The Jivaka Project

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When Your Church Reopens, Here’s How to Meet Safely A global health expert suggests a phased plan for congregations gathering again amid this pandemic., Daniel P. Chin

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Saudi’s Hajj Cancellation for Covid-19 is Not the First Time a Plague has Disrupted Muslims’ Pilgrimage, Ken Chitwood and Quartz Africa

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Beloved Nun, Educator Loses Battle with COVID-19, Gina Christian

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Praying About World Issues, Christian Science

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Rev. Al Sharpton Urges Black Faith Leaders To Forgo In-Person Holy Week Services, Tanya A. Christian

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Revelations from the Outbreak of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Shan Ci

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Activists and Pastors Sue Texas Governor over Stay-at-home Order, Justine Coleman

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Churches Were Eager to Reopen. Now They Are Confronting Coronavirus Cases., Kate Conger, Jack Healy, and Lucy Tompkins

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Protocol for Places of Worship: Appendix F, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health

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With Split Delayed, United Methodists Face a Year in Limbo, David Crary and Nation

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30 New Covid-19 Cases in Croatia in Last 24 Hours, Including 10 Nuns, CroatiaWeek

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Indigenous Arizonans Dance with Thousands Around World in Online 'Social Distance' Powwow, Chelsea Curtis

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Coronavirus Panic Over 'Big Tent Revival' Religious Gatherings, Eric DeGrechie

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COVID-19 Cancels the Islamic Pilgrimage, Grounding a Lifelong Dream for Some N.C. Muslims, Anton L. Delgado

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Spiritual Houstonians Embrace the Metaphysical During COVID-19, Hannah Dellenger

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法鼓山芝加哥分會-Dharma Drum Mountain Chicago Center, Dharma Drum Mountain Buddhist Association Chicago Chapter

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Covid-19 – Practice Resources & Teachings, Dharma Insights, News-Sravasti Abbey

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Spiritual resources during COVID-19, Diocese of Grand Rapids

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German Nuns Describe Search for Sacrament During COVID-19 Beyond “Dependence” on Ordained Men, Cameron Doody and Religious Women for Human Dignity

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The Pandemic and the Will of God, Ross Douthat

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Tiny Buddha Yoga Studios Seek Help for Long-Term Payments During COVID-19 Crisis, Mikhayla Dunaj

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Magic Valley Dairy Days and Pagan Fest Both Move Online This Year Due to Coronavirus Concerns, Tetona Dunlap and Magic Valley

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Responses to COVID19 in Buddhist Communities of Contemporary China-Preliminary findings, Daigengna Duoer and The Jivaka Project

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An Indigenous Perspective to COVID-19, Angelique EagleWoman

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It’s Hard to Close Black Churches amid COVID-19, Elaine Howard Ecklund and Deidra Carroll Coleman

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In Our Opinion: The right to worship should never be cast aside in a pandemic, Editorial Board

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Two Sikh Doctors Shaved Their Beards, a Pillar of Their Religion, to Treat Covid-19 Patients. But Community Groups Say There are Alternatives, Alaa Elassar

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Love Your Neighbour: Islam, Judaism and Christianity come together over COVID-19, Mohamed Elsanousi, Burton L. Visotzky, Bob Roberts, and World Economic Forum

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Coronavirus and Sharia Law: Divide over closure of mosques and ban of Friday prayers in Idlib, Enab Baladi

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Making Masks, Everglades Moon Local Council

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COVID-19: Pandemic Taking Toll At Maryknoll, A Dozen Deaths Of Priests, Nuns Reported, Zak Failla

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U.S. Muslims Try to Balance Eid Rituals with Coronavirus Concerns, Mariam Fam and WHYY PBS

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Coronavirus: Muslim Council urges people to avoid communal Eid celebrations, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus: Places of worship to reopen for private prayer, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus in US: With mosques shut, Muslims turn to technology for their spiritual needs, Umar A. Farooq

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How the World Has Learned to Grieve in a Pandemic, Claire Felter, Lindsay Maizland, and Sabine Baumgartner

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Iowa Religious Leaders Call on Churches to Avoid Gatherings Despite State Loosening Rules on Services, Charles Flesher

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WMU Researchers Creating National Database of Religious Response to COVID-19, Erin Flynn

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Drums, Dancers Livestream as Virus Moves Powwows Online, Felicia Fonseca