Pandemic Response and Religion in the United States represents an initial archiving of online materials related to religion and the coronavirus pandemic in the United States. Materials are organized by thematic category and can be searched by keywords. This database will encourage further research into religion and pandemic response. We hope that such research will in turn serve to guide policy decisions by religious organizations and governments. It will also serve as a foundation for teaching about religion and health, disaster response, and other key issues at the high school and college levels. This project was made possible by a WMU Meader Presidential Endowment Covid19 Response Grant. The project’s principle investigator (PI) is Dr. Stephen Covell and the co-PI is Dr. Diane Riggs. Data was collected by the following graduate students in the Department of Comparative Religion: Cameron Borg, Gerald Brooks, Jarrett Stalinger and Emily Warren.

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Submissions from 2020

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Are COVID-19 Restrictions Inflaming Religious Tensions?, Geneive Abdo and Anna L. Jacobs

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COVID-19 and Islamic Burial Laws: Safeguarding dignity of the dead, Ahmed Al-Dawoody and Oran Finegan

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As States Crack Down on Gatherings, Some Religious Exemptions Could Keep Pews Full, Liz Alesse

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Amid Coronavirus, Governor Whitmer Must Close Dangerous House of Worship Loophole, American Atheists

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Americans United For Separation of Church and State Letter to Governor Whitmer, Americans United

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Ohio Churches, Houses of Worship Begin to Reopen After Trump Declared Them Essential Services, Natasha Anderson

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Special Report: COVID-19 impacts Chinese Buddhism, state control, and soft power, Yoshiko Ashiwa, David L. Wank, and Religion & Diplomacy

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Court Upholds California Ban on Church Services in Coronavirus Pandemic, Associated Press and The Los Angeles Times

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Court Blocks Kentucky Governor's Ban on Mass Church Gatherings, Rashaan Ayesh

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After Rural Church Files Federal Lawsuit, ‘Free Exercise of Religion’ is a Permitted Essential Activity Under Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s Modified Stay-At-Home Order, Antonia Ayres-Brown

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Revised Guidance for Places of Worship, Back on Track Indiana- State of Indiana

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Aftermath and Flourishing? The Role of Religion in a Post-Pandemic Public Square, Chris Baker and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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NY’s Reopening Plan Must Include Religious Services (Your Letters), Cheryl Baldwin and Syracuse News

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Coronavirus: Saudi Arabia bars international pilgrims for Hajj, BBC News

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South Korean City Sues Religious Sect for Mass Covid-19 Infections, Bernama

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Be Safe. Places of Worship, Be Safe Chicago- City of Chicago

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For Most Churchgoers, Controversy Between Religious Freedom and Public Health is Not Real, Kraig Beyerlein and David Nirenberg

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Harder to Find Hope as Clergy get Latest SC COVID-19 Data and Projections, Brad Bloom

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Boca Raton Community Mikvah: Mikvah form, Boca Raton Community Mikvah

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Religious Freedom Clashes With Public Health Enforcers, Elizabeth Nolan Brown

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Jewish Law During a Pandemic: The 35 Responsa of Rabbi Hershel Schachter Issued Due to COVID-19, Michael J. Broyde and Berkley Center-Georgetown University

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The Hajj in Times of Epidemics, Marjo Buitelaar

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Iowa Religious Leaders Express Concern Over Restarting Church Services, Mike Bunge

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The Great Shutdown 2020: What churches, mosques and temples are doing to fight the spread of coronavirus, Daniel Burke

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Churches Sue Whitmer, Claim Coronavirus Orders Hinder Religious Gatherings Despite Exceptions, Gus Burns

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Indiana Funeral Homes Making Restrictions to Protect Employees and Loved Ones During COVID-19 Pandemic, Aaron Cantrell

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More than 12,000 Catholic Churches in the U.S. Applied for PPP Loans – And 9,000 got them, Christina Capatide

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Group Plans To Sue, Saying If Malls Are Allowed Open, Churches Should Be Too, CBS Minnesota

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Checklist for Communities of Faith, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Community and Faith-Based Organizations: Plan, prepare, and respond, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Considerations for Events and Gatherings, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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FAQs for Administrators and Leaders at Community- and Faith-Based Organizations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Funeral Guidance, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Interim Guidance for Communities of Faith, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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Rev. Al Sharpton Urges Black Faith Leaders To Forgo In-Person Holy Week Services, Tanya A. Christian

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Activists and Pastors Sue Texas Governor over Stay-at-home Order, Justine Coleman

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Protocol for Places of Worship: Appendix F, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Health

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Coronavirus Illinois Stay-at-Home Order for May: Mask requirement, religious service changes and more, Julian Crews

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COVID-19 and the Constitution: How the Bill of Rights Is being tested by the Coronavirus, John Curran, Jake Gardener, and Jeffrey Ding

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In Our Opinion: The right to worship should never be cast aside in a pandemic, Editorial Board

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British Muslims Held for Two Months in India Claim Religious Persecution, Hannah Ellis-Petersen and The Guardian

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Love Your Neighbour: Islam, Judaism and Christianity come together over COVID-19, Mohamed Elsanousi, Burton L. Visotzky, and Bob Roberts

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Here’s What the Science Says About the Links Between Religion and Health, Erica Evans

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Coronavirus: Muslim Council urges people to avoid communal Eid celebrations, Harry Farley

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Coronavirus: Places of worship to reopen for private prayer, Harry Farley

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COVID-19: First Liberty's Response, First Liberty

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Iowa Religious Leaders Call on Churches to Avoid Gatherings Despite State Loosening Rules on Services, Charles Flesher

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Trump Declares Houses of Worship ‘Essential,’ Pressuring Governors to let Them Reopen: The president’s order could set off a constitutional clash over one of the core tenets of the First Amendment, Quint Forgey, Rachel Roubein, and Myah Ward

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God Will Protect Me.’ Here’s how Religious Americans View the Coronavirus Pandemic, Haley Fowler

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Coronavirus vs. Freedom of Religion: Can stay-at-home orders keep you from church?, Hayley Fowler

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Coronavirus Brought Me Back to Reporting on Religion, Lily Fowler

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Blamed For Coronavirus Outbreak, Muslims In India Come Under Attack, Lauren Frayer

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The Pandemic and the Global Future of Religion, Paul Freston and Religion & Diplomacy

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Trump Calls for Memorial Day Church Reopenings but Sends Mixed Signals on Enforcement, John Fritze

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Trump Brings Religion Into the Coronavirus Culture War: Religious services shouldn’t be exempted from state pandemic regulations, David Frum

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Black Pastors Say They Have Trouble Accessing SBA Loan Program, Tom Gjelten

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Many Houses Of Worship Have Sought Government Aid, Surveys Show, Tom Gjelten

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Minneapolis to Allow Broadcast of Muslim Call to Prayer Over Loudspeakers During Ramadan, Anthony Gockowski

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Illinois Churches, Places Of Worship Allowed To Resume Services After Pritzker Backs Down, Alex V. Hernandez

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Balancing Religious Freedoms and Public Health Protections During the COVID-19 Pandemic, James G. Hodge Jr., Hanna Reinke, and Claudia Reeves

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CAIR Joins National Muslim Coalition Statement on Coronavirus/COVID-19 Pandemic Urging Mosques, Islamic Centers to Suspend All Non-Essential Gatherings, Ibrahim Hooper

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PM Modi Says Covid-19 Does Not See Race, Religion, Colour, Caste and Creed, HT Correspondent

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U.S. Coronavirus Restrictions Create Split Among Religious Liberty Advocates, Lawrence Hurley

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U.S. Justice Department Sides with Church in COVID-19 Religious Dispute, Lawrence Hurley

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How Religions and Religious Leaders can Help to Combat the COVID-19 Pandemic: Indonesia's experience, Hakimul Ikhwan, Vissia Ita Yulianto, and Medical Xpress

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Funeral Homes Guidance, Illinois Department of Public Health

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COVID-19 Guidance for Funeral Homes and Directors, Indiana State Department of Health

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Guidance for Spiritual and Religious Gatherings During COVID-19, Iowa Department of Public Health

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With Coronavirus Infections Linked to Religious Gatherings, Debate Rages Over Worship Amid Pandemic, Jack Jenkins and National Catholic Reporter

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'It's Carnage': Crematoriums run around the clock to meet demand from Coronavirus, Rick Jervis

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Michigan Churches Sue Gov. Whitmer for ‘Restricting Religious Freedoms’ by Extending State of Emergency: Churches claim extension of executive orders was ‘unlawful’, Cassidy Johncox

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North Suburban Mosques Observe Ramadan Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, Jennifer Johnson, Steve Schering, and Chicago Tribune

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Jewish Sleepaway Camp Operators Sue Over Coronavirus Closures, Rick Karlin

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Kasi Temple Flint Tempple Re-opening Announcement, Kasi Temple Board of Trustees

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DOJ: Mayor de Blasio favored protests over religious freedoms during COVID-19 shutdown, Paula Katinas

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4 Reasons Why the Rush to Reopen Churches Goes Beyond Politics, Harmeet Kaur

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Religious Leaders Thank Pence for Flexibility to Reopen but Urge Caution, KCRG-TV

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Worshipers Heed Gov. JB Pritzker's Plea to Stay Home Easter Sunday, Celebrate Safely Amid COVID-19 Outbreak, Jesse Kirsch

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Defying State Closure Mandates, Some Religious Private Schools Fight to Stay Open During Coronavirus Spread, Zoë Kirsch

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Supreme Court Won’t Force States To Reopen Churches, Sergei Klebnikov

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Religious Leaders Use Lamont’s Coronavirus Event to Rail Against Racial Injustice, Ben Lambert and Ken Dixon

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God and COVID-19, David Lawler

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Churches Pause Federal Lawsuit Against Whitmer After Most Recent Order, Beth LeBlanc

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Forced Closing of Houses of Worship During the Coronavirus: Both legal and right, Sanford V. Levison, Eric J. Segall, and American Constitution Society

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Across Africa, COVID-19 Heightens Tension Between Faith and Science, Amanda Lichtenstein, Rosemary Ajayi, and Nwachukwu Egbunike

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When the Racist Response to Covid-19 Hits Home, Ricky Manala and America Media

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President Trump Calls to Reopen Churches: Here's how some worship centers are planning to reopen, Julia Marshall

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Beating Coronavirus Requires Faith Leaders to Bridge Gap Between Religion and Science, Katherine Marshall and The Conversation

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Answering Your Coronavirus Questions: 100,000 deaths, religion and the future of work, Michel Martin

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Churches File Lawsuit Accusing Gov. Whitmer of Violating Freedom of Religion, Samantha May

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Dancing Between Light and Shadow – Increasing Awareness of the Impact of Covid 19 Disparities on Jews of Color, Yavilah McCoy and Jewish Philanthropy

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Ahead of Trump Visit, Church Makes Unproven Claim of Virus-Killing Technology, Jennifer Medina and Kenneth Chang

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Federal Court Upholds California Ban on Church Services in COVID-19 Pandemic, Brian Melley and Desert Sun

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Court Upholds California Ban on Church Services in Pandemic, Brian Melley and NBS San Diego

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Federal Judge Rules that North Carolina Governor’s Coronavirus Restrictions Violate Religious Expression, Katie Mettler, Meryl Kornfield, Miriam Berger, Candance Buckner, Samantha Pell, and Hannah Knowles

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Guidance for Gatherings: Faith-based communities, places of worship, and ceremonies, Minnesota Department of Health

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Michigan Tightens Time Frame for Handling Body After Death Amid Pandemic, Darcie Moran

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COVID-19 Restricts Africa's Ramadan Routine, Issac Mugabi

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Small, Private Colleges Get Boost From Coronavirus Relief Funds, Elissa Nadworny and Diane Adame

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Amid the Coronavirus Pandemic, Rev. Sharpton Calls Upon Faith Leaders to Discontinue Services Leading Into Easter, National Action Network